TRANSPORTING AND EXCHANGING DATA
Networking is the practice of transporting and exchanging data between devices (nodes) over a shared platform in an information system. This digital nexus is comprised not only of the design, construction and use of a network, but also the management, maintenance and operation of the network infrastructure, software and policies.
Computer networking connects devices and endpoints to each other on a local area network (LAN). Similarly, connecting to a larger network, such as the internet or a private wide area network (WAN). This is an essential function for service providers, businesses and consumers worldwide to share resources, use or offer services, and to communicate. With this intention networking facilitates everything from telephone calls to text messaging to streaming video to the internet of things (IoT).
WIRED VS WIRELESS NETWORKING
There are two primary types of computer networking namely wired networking and wireless networking.
Wired networking requires the use of a physical medium for transport between nodes. Copper-based ethernet cabling, popular due to its low cost and durability, is commonly used for digital communications in businesses and homes. Alternatively, optical fibre is used to transport data over greater distances and at faster speeds. On the negative side it has several trade-offs, including higher costs and more fragile components.
Wireless networking uses radio waves to transport data over the air. Allowing devices to be connected to a network without any cabling. Wireless LANs are the most well-known and widely deployed form of wireless networking. Alternatives include microwave, satellite, cellular and bluetooth, among others.
As a general rule, wired networking offers greater speed, reliability and security compared to wireless networks. With this in mind wireless networking tends to provide more flexibility, mobility and scalability.
HOW A NETWORK IS SETUP
Another way in which networking can be classified is determined by how it’s built and designed. Correspondingly, this includes approaches that involve software-defined networking (SDN) or overlay networks. What’s more, networks can also be categorized by environment and scale, such as LAN, campus, WAN, data centre networks or storage area networks.
Computer networking requires the use of physical network infrastructure which include switches, routers and wireless access points and the underlying firmware that operates such equipment. Other components include the software necessary to monitor, manage and secure the network.
At NBS Digital Technologies, our dedicated teams comprise of knowledgeable and experienced professionals. We are supported by our technology partners who are ready to assist you and your business with any network challenges and solutions you may require.